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Newer research suggests that the dietary interactions associated with maois may not be as severe as initial claims. Pheniprazine (Catron) : This is another maoi of the hydrazine class that has irreversible and non-selective inhibition properties. Alcoholic beverages (especially chianti, sherry, liqueurs and beer). When taken at the recommended dosage, maois are considered safe. The downside is that maois also prevent the body's ability to break down other medicines metabolized by this enzyme (such as Sudafed, or stimulants) - raising the risk for high blood pressure - as well as an amino acid.

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The anesthesia combined with the maoi can cause a drop in blood pressure or other problems. Understanding Antidepressants: Basic Brain Chemistry, if you've read up on antidepressants - in newspapers and magazines, or on the Web - you might see depression explained simply as a "chemical imbalance" or a "serotonin deficiency." Unfortunately, it's not that simple. This class of drugs was originally developed for the treatment of tuberculosis, but were found to have antidepressant properties when given to depressed patients. And used for the treatment of depression, are irreversible inhibitors of the enzyme monoamine oxidase. WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari, MD on June 23, 2017 Sources sources: News release, FDA. The hydrazines are a group of non-selective maois with irreversible inhibition properties. A valid argument could even be made for a person trying certain maois prior to various tricyclics, especially those with a minimal side effect profile like Moclobemide. There are three types of neurotransmitter commonly involved in moods serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine all of which are classified as monoamines (meaning they contain one amino acid group). Although many carry unwanted side effects and dietary interactions, there a few that stand out from the crowd, namely Parnate, Nardil, and Moclobemide. Due to its mild MAO inhibition, it raises levels of neurotransmitters in the brain. It is approved in a variety of countries outside the United States including Australia and the United Kingdom. We also have a lot of research into how people with depression - including treatment-resistant depression - can get the most of their medicine. Plus, doctors often use other drugs in combination for treatment-resistant depression. Once the brain's three neurotransmitters, known as monoamines (serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine have played their part in sending messages in the brain, they get burned up by a protein in the brain called monoamine oxidase, a liver and brain enzyme.

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Iproniazid : This maoi carries irreversible and non-selective properties and is classified as a hydrazine. Stop taking MAO inhibitors immediately if you get a severe headache or palpitations and then call your doctor. You may want to carry an ID card noting that you're taking this medicine. Maois are considered risky to the fetus and should be avoided when possible; both when pregnant and when breastfeeding. They prevent the reuptake of serotonin. Unfortunately, monoamine oxidase doesn't just destroy those neurotransmitters; it's also responsible for mopping up another amine called tyramine, a molecule that affects blood pressure. Most hydrazines were marketed throughout the 1950s and 1960s, but were withdrawn due to causing liver damage.

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